Medieval Rus′

Author: Nancy Condee ( Maintained by: David J. Birnbaum ( [Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 3.0 Unported License] Last modified: 2015-01-02T20:19:11+0000

Glossary of architectural terms

portion of a church or basilica that parallels or encircles the major sections of the structure, such as the nave, choir, or apse
the semicircular or polygonal termination to the choir or aisles of a church. The term generally denotes that part of the church where the clergy are seated or the altar placed
a series of arches carried by columns or piers, a passageway between arches and a solid wall, or a covered walkway
originally a building used by the Romans as a place for public meetings, with courtrooms, etc., attached. In earlier centuries of Christianity, the church built basilicas for worship using the plan developed by the Romans
crowning element of a column, pier, anta, pilaster, or other columnar form, providing a structural support for the horizontal element (entablature) or arch above
small dome, often resembling an overturned cup, placed on a circular, polygonal, or square base or on small pillars or a glassed-in lantern. It is used to crown a turret, roof, or larger dome. The inner vault of a dome is also a cupola
hemispherical structure evolved from the arch, usually forming a ceiling or roof
a circular or polygonal wall supporting a dome or cupola. The term also refers to any of the cylindrical stone blocks composing a column that is not a monolith
the face of a building, especially the principal face or front
any covered passage that is open at one side, such as a portico or a colonnade
central and principal part of a Christian church, extending from the entrance (the narthex) to the chancel (area around the altar). In a basilican church which has side aisles, nave refers only to the central aisle. The nave is that part of a church set apart for the laity
a solid vertical supporting element, usually stone, brick, or concrete, square or polygonal in section, and broad in relation to its height
shallow rectangular column that projects slightly beyond the wall into which it is built and conforms precisely to the order or style of the adjacent columns
colonnaded porch or entrance to a structure, or a covered walkway supported by regularly spaced columns
steeply pointed pyramidal or conical termination to a tower
a structural element consisting of an arrangement of arches, usually forming a ceiling or roof